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Triethylene glycol (TEG) and tetraethylene glycol (TETRA EG) may be used directly as a plasticizer, TEG and TETRA EG are used in the manufacture of:
Demand for tetraethylene glycol is strong in the area of BTX (benzene, toluene, xylene) extraction to separate aromatic hydrocarbons from non-aromatic hydrocarbons.
Monoethylene glycol (MEG), diethylene glycol (DEG) are often used in water-based paints, dry-wall compounds, glass cleaners, dyes, waxes and adhesives as a freezing point depressor to avoid damage by low-temperature extremes.
In addition, mono-ethylene glycol and diethylene glycol are also used as binders for foundry sand molding, and a lubricant for glass- and cement-grinding. In addition, both homologs are also used as humectants in textile fiber, paper, leather, adhesive and glue applications.
There are many uses for mono propylene glycol across many different industries and some chemical manufacturers produce two grades of MPG to meet these varied needs.
The first grade is used in the food, cosmetics, and pharmaceutical industries. MPG is used as a solvent for food colorings and flavorings, and is also a classified humectant food additive (E1520). In the personal care industry it is used as a moisturizer in make-up, shampoo, bubble bath and baby wipes, to name but a few examples. The pharmaceutical industry uses MPG as a solvent in oral, injectable, and topical formulations.
Industrial grade MPG also has a variety of uses but the main application is as an antifreeze and aircraft wing and runway de-icer. This is because the freezing point of MPG lowers upon mixing with water. It is also used in heat transfer liquids such as engine coolants.
It can also be used as a chemical intermediate in the production of high performance unsaturated polyester resins used in paints and varnishes. It is also an excellent solvent that is utilized in printing inks and it is also used in the manufacture of non-ionic detergents which are used in the petroleum, sugar-refining, and paper making industries. It can also be used in the cryonics industry and can be used as an additive in pipe tobacco as it prevents dehydration.
Mono-ethylene glycol – or MEG – is a vital ingredient for the production of polyester fibres and film, polyethylene terephthalate (PET) resins and engine coolants.
End uses for MEG range from clothing and other textiles, through packaging to kitchenware, engine coolants and antifreeze. Polyester and fleece fabrics, upholstery, carpets and pillows, as well as light and sturdy polyethylene terephthalate drink and food containers originate from ethylene glycol. The humectant (water attracting) properties of MEG products also make them ideal for use in fibres treatment, paper, adhesives, printing inks, leather and cellophane.
Applications for Diethylene Glycol:
Polyester Resins Antifreeze and Coolants Gas Dehydration and Treating Chemical Intermediates Heat Transfer Fluids Solvents
IPA (isopropyl alcohol) is similar to ethyl alcohol in solvent properties and evaporation rate. With its moderate evaporation rate and its complete miscibility with most solvents, IPA is useful in lacquers, inks and thinners.
MEK (methyl ethyl ketone) is an important organic solvent with excellent solubility and is widely used in synthetic leather, synthetic resin, acrylic and vinyl surface coatings, and many computers related products. MEK has many favorable properties, but is most noted for its fast evaporation rate, high solvency power, and viscosity, that make MEK to be a distinct leader in the solvent arena.
DAA (diacetone alcohol) is made from aldol condensation reaction of acetone. DAA is a good solvent used in painting, can coating, optical discs and IT related products manufacturing. DAA is also a common synthetic intermediate used for the preparation of other chemical compounds. In addition, DAA can serves as a solvent extractant in purification processes for resins and waxes.
Butyl acrylate is primarily used in the production of homopolymers and co-polymers for use in water based industrial and architectural paints. It can also be used in cleaning products, antioxidant agents, enamels, adhesives, textiles, caulks and paper finishes.
Ethyl acetate is most commonly used as a solvent (due to its dilution properties). As a high purity solvent, it is used in cleaning electric circuit boards and as a nail polish remover. At a lower purity, it can be used as in printing, pharmaceuticals, perfumes, food, decaffeination of tea/coffee and a carrier solvent for herbicides. Ethyl acetate is also used in coating formulations for wood furniture, agricultural, construction equipment, mining equipment and marine uses. It is also naturally produced in wine during the fermentation process. The main user end markets of these products are the electronics, cosmetic, printing, food and coatings industries.
Styrene, also known as ethenylbenzene, vinylbenzene, and phenylethene, is an organic compound with the chemical formula C6H5CH=CH2. This derivative of benzene is a colorless oily liquid that evaporates easily and has a sweet smell, although high concentrations have a less pleasant odor. Styrene is the precursor to polystyrene and several copolymers.
These type bags are used for packing agricultural products where the ventilation is required for the packed material.
These are special types of bags used for transportation of dangerous materials. The UN bags are designed and tested in accordance with the recommendation as laid down in the “United Nations” Buildmet Fibres designs and produces quality UN Bags with the help of an efficient and trained staff along with the advanced technical equipments. Additionally, we also make certain that these FIBC bags are tested properly in a way that they comply with all the requirements mentioned by the UN FIBC.
These are the simplest in construction and is produced by attaching two side panels with the main / U panel. These sizes of these bags depend on the quantum and the density of the material to be filled in the bag.
Type C FIBC bags that made from non-conductive polypropylene interwoven normally in a grid pattern with conduction yarns. The process involves interconnection of conductive yarns electrically that are later connected to designated ground or earth bonding points. Here, during the stage of bulk bag filling and emptying operations, it is ensured that the ground or earth bonding points are connected to a system ground or earth. Moreover, when the conductive yarns and the connection to ground or earth is interconnected during these operations, the use of Type C FIBC bags becomes critically safe. Though, it must be noted that while ensuring interconnection and grounding of Type C FIBC, there are chances of human errors as the operations are carried out manually.
These bags are produced with four panel stitched together with bottom. These bags are used mainly when bag with baffle is produced. The Baffle bags stand square after filling hitherto to the normal bags which will have round shape. The baffle bags can be really helpful while it is packed on pallets and stacking on to the trucks will also be easy as the take square / rectangular shape after material is filled.
These bags are used for mainly packing of agricultural products which are relatively of lower weight as these carry low weight up to 750 kgs.
Apart from products, the global ferrous fumarate market can also be classified on the basis of end-user industries such as food, pharmaceutical and chemical. The product is added to several foods such as malt based energy drinks for children and other milk based drinks to enhance the iron content in the food. In pharmaceutical industry, the product is used in different medicines, tablets, and capsules as a supplement for iron deficiency whereas in the chemicals industry, the product finds its use for chemical syntheses
Tetrahydrofuran (THF) is a cyclic ether with two primary industrial uses. The major use is as a monomer in the production of polytetramethylene ether glycol (PTMEG), a component of cast and thermoplastic urethane elastomers, polyurethane stretch fibers (spandex), and high-performance copolyester-polyether elastomers (COPE). A smaller amount of THF is used as a solvent in polyvinyl chloride (PVC) cements, pharmaceuticals and coatings, precision magnetic tape manufacture, and as a reaction solvent.
The most important use of paraformaldehyde is as a source of formaldehyde groups in the production of many thermosetting resins, together with phenol, urea, melamine, resorcinol and other similar reagents. These resins are used as molding powders; in the wood industry as glues for chipboard, plywood and furniture; as bonding resins for brakes, abrasives and foundry dyes; as finishing resins for paper and textiles; as driers and glossing agents for paints; as insulating varnishes for electrical parts.
Some typical formulations for the production of such resins starting from paraformaldehyde include dichloroethyl formal, methyl phenol, disinfectants, and insecticides, pharmaceuticals such as vitamin A, embalming preparations, dyestuff and special plasticizers.
In addition, paraformaldehyde is used as a fungicide and bactericide in industries as varied as crude oil production, beet sugar refining, and warehousing.
Paraformaldehyde has widespread acceptance as an additive to stop fermentation of the starch on oil-well-drilling muds.
The sugar beet industry used it to minimize the growth of algae in its continuous diffusers. Hotels and motels in humid areas often use it, with or without added mothproofing agents, in small bags hung in closets to prevent the formation of mildew.
In other closed area where humidity is high as in some warehouses, a light sprinkling of paraformaldehyde effectively controls mold and mildew.
In photography, paraformaldehyde is a gelatin hardener and accelerates development. It is the source of formaldehyde in certain fur treatments. It is a component of certain antiperspirant powders. Shrinkage in wood has been reduced by treatments with the vapors form heated paraformaldehyde.
Methanol is used as a feedstock to produce chemicals such as acetic acid and formaldehyde, which in turn are used in products like adhesives, foams, plywood subfloors, solvents and windshield washer fluid.
Methanol can be used on its own as a vehicle fuel or blended directly into gasoline to produce a high-octane, efficient fuel with lower emissions than conventional gasoline. Methanol gasoline blends have widespread use in China and have been introduced in several countries outside of China. Methanol is also emerging as a clean-burning marine fuel that can cost-effectively meet the shipping industry’s increasingly stringent emissions regulations.
Almost 90 percent of adipic acid produced is used in the production of nylon 66. The nylon, which has a protein-like structure, is further processed into fibers for applications in carpeting, automobile tire cord, and clothing. Adipic acid is also used to manufacture plasticizers and lubricant components.
Food grade adipic acid is used as a gelling aid, an acidulant, and as a leavening and buffering agent.
Most common Acetic Acid Uses are:
Used as food additive.
Excellent electrical properties allow PBT to be widely used in the injection molding industry. PBT has exceptional insulation resistance as well as a high dielectric strength. Its strong dimensional stability, especially in water, and resistance to hydrocarbon oils, gives it even more versatility. Outstanding arc resistance and a low dissipation level over a wide range of humidity and temperatures are additional properties that PBT has to offer.
PBT is used in everyday applications including; switches and relays to motor housings and key caps for computer key boards. It is also used in vacuum cleaner parts and toaster side panels.
The benefits of DINP in vinyl are evident in products manufactured by the automobile, building and construction, cable and wire and flooring industries. PVC made flexible with DINP extends the life of modern cars through its design, weight, comfort and cost benefits. Car manufacturers choose soft vinyl because of its protective benefits, and its durability provides a longlasting and protective layer for chassis, protects cars against grit and reduces rust and corrosion. It is also easy to apply.
PVC made flexible with DINP is widely used in the building and construction industry today. DINP is used in cladding, or the facings of buildings, and roofing membranes, and frequently used to cover buildings and sports arenas because of its durability, water resistance and high thermal insulation properties.
Flexible PVC is a widely used electrical insulation material in our homes, offices and factories. It is also preferred insulation for transmission cables and fiber optics. It is a material of choice for protecting wires that run through homes and offices and charge our computers, appliances and a variety of other machines used in our daily lives. It provides durability and cost-effectiveness, and the flexibility that allows it to bend and twist without cracking.
Dioctyl Phthalate (DOP) is the most common of the class of plasticizers. It is the diester of phthalic acid and the branched-chain 2-ethylhexanol. It’s a colorless, viscous liquid is soluble in oil, but not in water.
DOP has common applications in plastics, such as medical supplies, PVA and rubber manufacturing, wood coatings, and is sometimes used as a waxing agent.
Tetrahydrophthalic anhydride is also called as THPA as a anhydride hardener mainly used in the fields of coatings, epoxy resin curing agents, polyester resins, adhesives, plasticizers, pesticides, etc.
Penta is a tetra functional compound of primary hydroxyl groups. The compact structure and the high density of hydroxyl groups provide outstanding properties.
Neopentyl Glycol can be used as an intermediate for both plasticizers and for synthetic lubricants. In most polyester resin formulations, it is used as the sole glycol component. It offers excellent thermal stability, weathering, and stain resistance.
MA (maleic anhydride) is an important raw material for alkyd resin and unsaturated polyester resin (UPR), which are widely used in yachts, bathroom fixtures, automobiles, tanks, pipes and so on. MA is also used for production of 1,4-butanediol, synthetic fibers, detergents, pharmaceuticals, fuel additives and stabilizers, and other fine chemicals. In addition, it is widely applied in the preparation of certain agricultural chemicals.
It is a colorless, odorless, viscous liquid that is sweet-tasting and non-toxic. The glycerol backbone is found in all lipids known as triglycerides. It is widely used in the food industry as a sweetener and humectant and in pharmaceutical formulations.
An acid derived from maleic acid commonly referred to as an acidulent due to its primary use as a food additive. It is mainly used in baking powder and beverages and can replace citric acid or tartaric acid to add sourness. Fumaric Acid is also used in the production of polyester resins and dyes.
Bisphenol A (or BPA) is a white, solid chemical made in prilled form for ease of handling and processing. BPA has a structure which makes it suitable as a monomer to produce epoxy, polycarbonate, phenolic, polyester, and other resins. It also functions as a chemical intermediate since it can be readily halogenated, hydrogenated and sulfonated. Its halogenated derivatives are used in the production of fire retardant plastics.